Halomonas titanicae is a gram-negative, bacilli shaped bacterium from strain BH1T. It’s –×– μm in size. It’s a motile microorganism. According to current estimates, the wreck of the famous ship RMS Titanic will completely be gone in about years due to Halomonas titanicae. The wreck is covered with rusticles; the knob-like mounds have formed from at least 27 strains of bacteria, including Halomonas titanicae.
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Temperatures Kind of temperature Temperature [Ref.: This student page has not been curated. Retrieved from ” https: Only first 10 entries are displayed. Prokaryotic Nomenclature Up-to-date – compilation of all names of Bacteria and Archaea, validly published according to the Bacteriological Code since 1.
New Species of Rust-Eating Bacteria Destroying the Titanic
The wreckage of the RMS Titanic may soon be lost, thanks to a newly discovered rust-eating bacteria. Although other species of bacteria are found in the rusticles with H. The only host of this bacteria is currently known to be the ship wreck of the Titanic. For decades following the ship’s sinking inthe Titanic ‘s final resting spot remained a mystery. A Microbial Biorealm page on halomonaas genus Halomonas titanicae.
As a chemo-organotrophic organism its metabolism is respiratory. As these vessels decay, harmful chemicals are released into the marine environment, having detrimental effects on the wild life and fishing economy. While the loss of the wreck over time concerns Dan Conlin, curator of maritime history at the Maritime Museum of the Atlantic in Halifax, he notes scientists know much more about the Titanic than most shipwrecks. Availability in culture collections Strain availability.
Researchers at Dalhousie University in Halifax, Nova Scotia, in Canada have been examining the bacteria eating away at the remains of the famous ship as it sits on the ocean floor. As an extremophile group, Halomonas bacterium can grow under extreme conditions, high salt concentration, which could become significant in future biotechnological applications and mechanisms .
They ferment D-galactose, D-glucose and D-fructose . Halomonas titanicae BH1 contig, whole genome shotgun sequence. Titancae is valuable in decomposing metal, removing, recycling and returning iron back into the environment [6,7].
If there were some way to prevent H.
Due to its environment this bacterium is difficult to grow under laboratory conditions. The researcher’s findings will be published Dec. Information on possible application of the strain and its possible interaction with e. Halomonas titanicae inhabits a niche in the depths of the tiganicae where temperature is low and salt concentration is considerable.
They are capable of anaerobic growth with the aid of glucose but in addition they are able to perform denitrification to gain halomojas through taking nitrate, but not nitrite, and converting it to nitrogen.
By studying the structure and capabilities of H. It is, however, hazardous to metals, specifically those which contain high levels of rust due to its ability to deteriorate these man made structures [2,3,6]. Metabolite utilization Metabolite Utilization activity Kind of utilization tested [Ref.: As of now, there are no reports of disease or infections affecting living organisms, however this bacteria is new discovered.
In the south Pacific regional ocean there is approximately 3, sunken war vessel including battle ships, tankers, oilers and air craft carriers. Information on genomic background e. Research is still being conducted to determine of other species in the rusticles contribute to the degradation of the metal as well. Additionally it is really interesting that something as small as a Halomonas titanicae bacterium could basically destroy something so grand and historically momentus as the Titanic.
Rusticles also house 27 other species bacteria[2,3]. Due to of the high variability of the 16S rRNA gene it was amplified and analyzed to classify the bacterium as a Halomonas its closest relative being H.
In Sanchez-Porro, et.
New Species of Rust-Eating Bacteria Destroying the Titanic
Although this article didn’t directly reference H. Only first 5 entries are displayed. When the bacteria breaks down the rust it gains energy in the form of electrons from the degradation iron that is present. Halophily Salt Tested relation Salt conc. Live Science Staff, For the science geek in everyone, Live Science titankcae a fascinating window into the natural and technological world, delivering comprehensive and compelling news and analysis on everything from dinosaur discoveries, archaeological finds and amazing animals to health, innovation and wearable technology.
Exclude text mining ritanicae information.
Further research is currently being performed on the Halomonas genus and new bacteria are being discovered daily. Information on the name and the taxonomic classification. Perhaps if we get another 15 to 20 years out of it, we’re doing good The genome size is base pairs bp and is linear . Information on morphological and physiological properties Morphology and physiology. Further research on titanlcae is difficult because it’s challenging to reproduce colonies in a setting other than its natural habitat.
Information on isolation source, the sampling and environmental conditions Isolation, sampling and environmental information. StrainInfo introduces electronic passports for microorganisms. Using DNA technology, Dalhousie scientists Henrietta Mann and Bhavleen Kaur and researchers from the University of Sevilla in Spain were able to identify a new bacterial species collected from rusticles a formation of rust similar to an icicle or stalactite titanicqe the Titanic wreck.
While some Halomonas strains have been shown to infect humans, currently there is no known evidence that H. Section Name and taxonomic classification Morphology and physiology Culture and growth conditions Isolation, sampling and environmental information Application and interaction Molecular biology Strain availability.