Our guest this week is Swiss historian Dr. Daniele Ganser, author of the seminal book NATO’s Secret Armies: Operation GLADIO and Terrorism. Buy NATO’s Secret Armies: Operation GLADIO and Terrorism in Western Europe (Contemporary Security Studies) 1 by Ganser Daniele (ISBN: ). For the first time in this book, Daniele Ganser has brought together the full story of the networks the Italians came to call ‘Gladio’. This is a significant and.
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That in addition to these problems I would have to work with texts glario more than ten different European languages, of which I personally could only read five, made matters crystal clear: Then, in the Italian Senate established a special investigative parliamentary commission presided by Senator Libera Gualtieri under the telling name of ‘Parliamentary Commission of the Italian Senate for the Investigation of terrorism in Italy and the reasons why the individuals responsible for the massacres could not be identified: The structure, he said, ‘lies within the state itself.
Would have been a four-star book had the translation not been so crappy – truly unfortunate. And still in summer there was no official British explanation on Gladio, leaving journalists as Hugh O’Shaughnessy to lament that ‘The silence in Whitehall and the almost total lack of curiosity among MPs about an affair in which Britain was so centrally involved are remarkable. As he understood it, ‘this system was regularly used for the transmission of messages between the radio bases and the agents above all during radio exercisesbut was gansee all destined to play a central role for the transmission of intelligence in case of occupation’.
At the stay-behind meetings representatives of the CIA were always present’, Serravalle remembered. President, it was perfectly legitimate at the end of the Second World War, for the majority of our states to set up services whose purpose was to prepare underground resistance networks that could be activated in the event of our countries being occupied by the forces of the Warsaw Pact.
Daniele Ganser January Since then he has published, gldio other things, on open and covert military actions of NATO countries, which he describes as being contrary to international law, as well as on the global maximum production of crude oil.
Inthe police arrested right winger Otto Hallberg and discovered the preparations for the Swedish stay-behind army. This angered Miceli greatly. Truman observed the installation of Communist puppet regimes in Poland, East Germany, Hungary, Romania and Czechoslovakia with great unease as, according to the doctrine of limited sovereignty, Stalin placed the countries of Eastern Europe under the control of local oligarchs, the brutal Soviet military and the Soviet secret service KGB.
It says that documents giving details about the secret agreements between the British and P26 have never been found. Category Commons Portal Timeline List of conflicts.
The cooperation between the CIA and the Italian military secret service, as Andreotti yladio in the document, was supervised and coordinated by secret non-orthodox warfare centres of NATO: The reason was quite simple. In the United States, journalist Lucy Komisar tried to gain more information but found that her government was hardly different from the Turkish Generals when it came to military secrets.
InWest Germany’s entry into NATO was dependent on the American condition that Gansre Germany would refrain from pursuing right-wing extremists, a demand the West German government felt compelled to accept.
Immediately after the war the hostilities resurfaced and the former comrade in arms became bitter adversaries in the Cold War. Inspecting the abandoned Fiatone of the Carabinieri had opened the hood of the car that ganzer the bomb. After the revolution in Russia the Communists seized entire factories and explained that from now on the means of production belonged to the people. According to an evil strategy the terror was wrongly blamed on the Com- munists and the extreme left, traces were covered goadio and arrests followed imme- diately.
He gave to the Commissione Stragithe parliamentary commission led by senator Giovanni Pellegrino in charge of investigations on bombings committed during the Years Of Lead in Italy, a list of civilians who according to him were part of Gladio. Judge Casson found that there had been no police investigation on the scene. Commission glado that Gladio, the alliance’s underground arm in Galdio, became a focal point for fascist elements bent on combating the Communists by instigating terrorist attacks to justify repressive laws.
An anonymous call to the police two days later implicated the Red Brigades, a Communist terrorist group attempting to change the balance of power in Italy at the time through hostage- takings and cold-blooded assassinations of exponents of the state. Thereupon, somewhat embarrassed, also France confirmed that it had been involved in Gladio. Gokhan rated it really liked it Apr 27, Between andLondon and Washington sided with the Russian right and financed ten military interventions against the USSR on Soviet soil, all of which failed to overthrow the new rulers but created considerable suspicion among the Communist elite and dictator Stalin concerning the motives of the capitalist West.
He was released on bail and spent six months in a military hospital. There were only three copies, one of which Hillenkoetter had ‘closely guarded in the Director’s office, where members of his own staff who did not “need to know” could gain no access to it’.
He was a member of the Italian right-wing organisation ‘Ordine Nuovo’ and within the Cold War context contributed his part to what he thought was a legitimate way of combating the influence of the Italian Communists. Lawrence Kaplan wrote a mixed review commending Ganser for making “heroic efforts to tease out the many strands that connect this interlocking right-wing conspiracy”, lgadio also arguing that “connecting the dots between terrorist organizations in NATO countries and a master plan centred in NATO’s military headquarters gamser a stretch of facts that Ganser cannot manage.
NATO’s Secret Armies: Operation Gladio and Terrorism in Western Europe
As a historian, he must search history deeply, but he didn’t. The Norwegian Intelligence Service: For more than a decade the Italian population believed that the Red Brigades had committed the Peteano terrorist attack. President, the Gladio system has operated for four decades under various names’, Greek parliamentarian Ephremidis addressed the EU.
It must be stated here at the outset of the book that all quotes other than from English originals are translations by the galdio, who alone bears galdio for their accuracy.
Operation Gladio – Wikipedia
Italy was gladik to become an associate member. In his much discussed ‘Truman Doctrine’ in March he had insisted that ‘we shall refuse to recognize gpadio government imposed upon any nation by the force of any foreign power’, declaring that US foreign policy was based on ‘righteousness and justice’ with no ‘compromise with evil’.
The CIA and MI6 in a first step were to ‘neutralise the surviving secret units of the Gladi powers in Germany, Austria and northern Italy’ and thereafter recruited some of the defeated fascists into the new anti-Communist secret armies as French secret services scholars Roger Faligot and Remi Kauffer observed. As the complex structure of the network and the mysteries surrounding it increasingly caught my interest, many well-meaning friends advised me against taking it as a PhD topic.