Arthrogryposis multiplex congenita (AMC) is a group of disorders characterized by congenital limb contractures. It manifests as limitation of movement of multiple . Amyoplasia is a condition characterized by a generalized lack in the newborn of muscular It is the most common form of arthrogryposis multiplex congenita ( AMC), where multiple joint contractures are present at birth. Arthrogryposis is. “Amyoplasia Congenita.” Syndromes: Rapid Recognition and Perioperative Implications Bissonnette B, Luginbuehl I, Marciniak B, Dalens BJ. Bissonnette B.

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Clin Orthop Relat Res. Search within a content type, and even narrow to one or more resources. A revised and extended classification was made by Bamshad et al. The Merck Manual-Home Edition.

About News Events Contact. AMC is present at birth congenital. Upper extremity contractures usually consist of Adduction of the shoulders Extension of the elbows Flexion of the wrists Stiff, straight fingers with poor muscle control of the thumbs Common deformities of the lower extremities include Dislocation of amyyoplasia hips Extension contractures of the knees Severe club feet Joints are fusiform and the joint capsules are decreased in volume due to lack of movement during fetal development Muscle development is poor and may be represented only by fibrous bands.

There is no known genetic transmission, no known infectious properties, and no known predisposing elements related to the disorder.


AMC: amyoplasia and distal arthrogryposis

Arthrogryposis and arthrogryposis multiplex congenita are sometimes used interchangeably. In some cases, further medical investigations such as muscle biopsy or radiology investigations were needed to clarify the diagnosis, but in many cases, amtoplasia clinical evaluation by professionals with experience in the evaluation of children with arthrogryposis was sufficient.

Further, a mutation in fetal myosin heavy chain MYH8 has been described in DA7, trismus-pseudocamptodactyly syndrome [ 19 ].

Over genes have been identified as responsible for different types of arthrogryposis. A lack of joint development or the abnormal fusion of bones synostosis that are normally separate have also been associated with multiple congenital contractures.

Some affected individuals may have dislocated hips. Long-term follow-up from birth to skeletal maturity”.

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What are the possible outcomes of arthrogryposis multiplex congenita? Surgical intervention, although seemingly necessary to maximize independence, may be complicated by nerve or artery injury, failure of bony union, and unrealistic expectations regarding surgical outcomes.

Am Amyoppasia Hum Genet.

AMC can also occur as part of ajyoplasia connective tissue disorders. Emedicine Journal, March 2, This extra connective tissue replaces muscle tissue, leading to weakness and giving a wasting appearance to the muscles.

Arthrogryposis multiplex congenita

Compromised fetal mobility is the main background factor, common to all different types of arthrogryposis. At least 10 different forms of distal arthrogryposis have been identified including Freeman-Sheldon syndrome, Gordon syndrome, trismus-pseudocamptodactyly syndrome, multiple pterygium syndrome and Sheldon-Hall syndrome.

Children with amyoplasia often suffer from internally rotated shoulders, extended elbows, ulnar flexed wrists. A number of collagen disorders can also appear with arthrogryposis, for example Ehlers—Danlos syndrome [ 21 ], Marfan syndrome [ 22 ], and Larsen syndrome. Effects of a Amyopasia beta-tropomyosin mutation on regulation of muscle contraction in single human muscle fibres. These include abnormally slender and fragile long bones of the arms and legs and cleft palate, a condition in which the roof of the mouth fails to fuse together leaving a groove across the top of the mouth.


An excellent summary of amyoplasia and the distal arthrogryposes.

Congenital deformities of the feet, hips and spine may require surgical correction at or about one year of age. After birth, consultation with pediatricians, neurologists, and geneticists is essential for a specific diagnosis.

This group includes lethal syndromes and syndromes with severe disabilities due to CNS malfunction. Removable splints combined with vigorous therapy are the most effective conservative treatment. Trismus-pseudocamptodactyly syndrome is caused by recurrent mutation of MYH8. The most common findings related to this disease are multiple joint contractures of both upper and lower limbs that occur in a relatively symmetrical nature.

When arthrogryposis affects two or more different areas of the body, it may be referred to as arthrogryposis multiplex congenita AMC.

Thirty-five patients with amyoplasia were studied separately [ 44 ].